CIO vs. IT director – how are these two positions different?
Each has its own set of responsibilities, which we’ll discuss in this post.
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CIO vs. IT Director: Leadership vs. Operations
Both Chief Information Officers (CIO) and Information Technology (IT) directors work together to help oversee an organization’s IT function.
The main difference between the two is that the CIO is responsible for all of the IT department’s functions, while the IT director is responsible for the IT department’s day-to-day operations. One good analogy is a comparison between the CEO and the COO – the CEO oversees the entire organization, while the COO ensures its daily operations continue smoothly.
Below, we’ll dive deeper into the role of both of these IT leaders and see how their roles are evolving in today’s digitally-driven economy.
CIO: Duties and Responsibilities
Chief Information Officers (CIOs) have the responsibility of leading the IT department to deliver IT products and services for the benefit of the company, its customers, and other stakeholders.
As a result, they are involved in the planning, implementation, and maintenance of IT systems.
They are also responsible for other tasks that revolve around:
- Business strategy
- Digital innovation
- Digital transformation
- Organizational change
- Upskilling and employee training
Many of the duties just listed are a result of the changing role of the CIO, which has been reshaped significantly over recent years.
In large part, this shift is due to the ongoing evolution of the digital landscape. As technology plays an increasingly important role in the modern business, CIOs are taking on more and more responsibility. CEOs often rely on them to both design and implement digital transformation initiatives, for instance.
The role of the IT director, on the other hand, has received far less attention than that of the CIO.
IT Director: Duties and Responsibilities
IT Directors, as mentioned, focus more on operations than on strategy.
They report directly to CIOs and perform tasks such as:
- Recruiting and training employees
- Investigating digital technologies and making suggestions to CIOs
- IT service management
In short, IT Directors perform more of a managerial role as opposed to a leadership role.
However, every organization is unique and each will delegate tasks differently. For instance, a more digitally mature organization may expand the CIO’s role and shift some responsibilities – such as ITSM or employee training – onto the IT Director.
As an organization increases in size, its IT department will necessarily become more complex and more specialized roles will be needed.
We’ll look at a few of those in the next section.
Other IT Leadership Positions
In many organizations, particularly larger ones, there are other IT roles besides that of the CIO or the IT Director.
Here are a few:
- Chief Information Security Officer (CISO). The CISO is generally responsible for overseeing all cybersecurity-related activities across the organization, including tasks related to compliance, data privacy, security infrastructure, and data protection. The CISO will usually work closely with and report to the CIO.
- Chief Technology Officer (CTO). The CTO, like the CIO, oversees technology investments, often with the intent of improving organizational performance. In organizations with both a CIO and CTO, this position will typically report to the CIO. Some companies, however, have only a CTO, in which case they will be in charge of the IT department.
- Chief Innovation Officer (CIO). The Chief Innovation Officer, as the name suggests, is responsible for spearheading an organization’s digital innovation efforts. Not all organizations have an innovation officer – let alone an innovation department – but those that do will often place them under the command of either the CEO or the Chief Information Officer.
- Chief Digital Officer (CDO). The Chief Digital Officer is responsible for leading digitization and digital transformation. This is a role that has been less popular in recent years, according to research from PwC. Instead, other studies suggest that the CIO is taking over many digital transformation efforts, as mentioned above.
- Chief Data Officer (CDO). The Chief Data Officer, which also uses the “CDO” acronym, focuses on managing and making use of data to improve business processes, performance, and strategy. This role is becoming more common in digitally mature organizations, since they often recognize the link between data and organizational effectiveness.
These positions encompass several of the most important IT roles. However, as mentioned above, each will have a slightly different emphasis depending on the organization, its size, the industry, and so forth.
The CIO and the IT Director are, together, often responsible for overseeing an organization’s IT operations.
There are, however, many other IT leadership positions, as we saw above.
The choice of titles and terms often matters less than the actual function of the role and the duties that the individual leader performs.
As organizations become more digitally mature, IT will expand from being just an operational function to a strategic and a transformational one – and, as a result, they will acquire IT leaders who can excel in all of these areas.